類別 URI::RFC2396_Parser

類別將字串剖析為 URI。

它包含一個 雜湊,其中包含用於比對和驗證的模式和 Regexp。

屬性

pattern[R]

雜湊 的模式。

另請參閱 URI::Parser.initialize_pattern

regexp[R]

公開類別方法

new(opts = {}) 按一下以切換來源

概要

URI::Parser.new([opts])

參數

建構函式接受雜湊作為剖析器的選項。選項的鍵是 URI 組件的模式名稱,選項的值是模式字串。建構函式會產生一組用於剖析 URI 的正規表示式。

您可以使用下列鍵

* :ESCAPED (URI::PATTERN::ESCAPED in default)
* :UNRESERVED (URI::PATTERN::UNRESERVED in default)
* :DOMLABEL (URI::PATTERN::DOMLABEL in default)
* :TOPLABEL (URI::PATTERN::TOPLABEL in default)
* :HOSTNAME (URI::PATTERN::HOSTNAME in default)

範例

p = URI::Parser.new(:ESCAPED => "(?:%[a-fA-F0-9]{2}|%u[a-fA-F0-9]{4})")
u = p.parse("http://example.jp/%uABCD") #=> #<URI::HTTP http://example.jp/%uABCD>
URI.parse(u.to_s) #=> raises URI::InvalidURIError

s = "http://example.com/ABCD"
u1 = p.parse(s) #=> #<URI::HTTP http://example.com/ABCD>
u2 = URI.parse(s) #=> #<URI::HTTP http://example.com/ABCD>
u1 == u2 #=> true
u1.eql?(u2) #=> false
# File lib/uri/rfc2396_parser.rb, line 99
def initialize(opts = {})
  @pattern = initialize_pattern(opts)
  @pattern.each_value(&:freeze)
  @pattern.freeze

  @regexp = initialize_regexp(@pattern)
  @regexp.each_value(&:freeze)
  @regexp.freeze
end

公開實例方法

escape( str ) 按一下以切換來源
escape( str, unsafe )

參數

str

字串 以確保安全

unsafe

Regexp 要套用。預設為 self.regexp[:UNSAFE]

說明

str 建構一個安全的 字串,移除不安全的字元,並用程式碼取代它們。

# File lib/uri/rfc2396_parser.rb, line 287
def escape(str, unsafe = @regexp[:UNSAFE])
  unless unsafe.kind_of?(Regexp)
    # perhaps unsafe is String object
    unsafe = Regexp.new("[#{Regexp.quote(unsafe)}]", false)
  end
  str.gsub(unsafe) do
    us = $&
    tmp = ''
    us.each_byte do |uc|
      tmp << sprintf('%%%02X', uc)
    end
    tmp
  end.force_encoding(Encoding::US_ASCII)
end
extract( str ) 按一下以切換來源
extract( str, schemes )
extract( str, schemes ) {|item| block }

參數

str

字串 要搜尋

schemes

要套用至 str 的模式

說明

嘗試解析和合併一組 URI。如果沒有給定 block,則傳回結果,否則它會對結果中的每個元素呼叫 block

另請參閱 URI::Parser.make_regexp

# File lib/uri/rfc2396_parser.rb, line 249
def extract(str, schemes = nil)
  if block_given?
    str.scan(make_regexp(schemes)) { yield $& }
    nil
  else
    result = []
    str.scan(make_regexp(schemes)) { result.push $& }
    result
  end
end
inspect() 按一下以切換來源
# File lib/uri/rfc2396_parser.rb, line 326
def inspect
  @@to_s.bind_call(self)
end
join(*uris) 按一下以切換來源

參數

uris

字串的 Array

說明

嘗試解析和合併一組 URI。

# File lib/uri/rfc2396_parser.rb, line 223
def join(*uris)
  uris[0] = convert_to_uri(uris[0])
  uris.inject :merge
end
make_regexp(schemes = nil) 按一下以切換來源

傳回 Regexp,預設為 self.regexp[:ABS_URI_REF],除非提供 schemes。然後它會與 self.pattern[:X_ABS_URI] 進行 Regexp.union

# File lib/uri/rfc2396_parser.rb, line 262
def make_regexp(schemes = nil)
  unless schemes
    @regexp[:ABS_URI_REF]
  else
    /(?=#{Regexp.union(*schemes)}:)#{@pattern[:X_ABS_URI]}/x
  end
end
parse(uri) 按一下以切換來源

參數

uri

字串

說明

解析 uri 並建構符合的 URI 範例物件 (FileFTPHTTPHTTPSLDAPLDAPSMailTo) 或 URI::Generic

用法

p = URI::Parser.new
p.parse("ldap://ldap.example.com/dc=example?user=john")
#=> #<URI::LDAP ldap://ldap.example.com/dc=example?user=john>
# File lib/uri/rfc2396_parser.rb, line 209
def parse(uri)
  URI.for(*self.split(uri), self)
end
split(uri) 按一下以切換來源

傳回針對 regexp[:ABS_URI] 分割的 URI

# File lib/uri/rfc2396_parser.rb, line 120
def split(uri)
  case uri
  when ''
    # null uri

  when @regexp[:ABS_URI]
    scheme, opaque, userinfo, host, port,
      registry, path, query, fragment = $~[1..-1]

    # URI-reference = [ absoluteURI | relativeURI ] [ "#" fragment ]

    # absoluteURI   = scheme ":" ( hier_part | opaque_part )
    # hier_part     = ( net_path | abs_path ) [ "?" query ]
    # opaque_part   = uric_no_slash *uric

    # abs_path      = "/"  path_segments
    # net_path      = "//" authority [ abs_path ]

    # authority     = server | reg_name
    # server        = [ [ userinfo "@" ] hostport ]

    if !scheme
      raise InvalidURIError,
        "bad URI(absolute but no scheme): #{uri}"
    end
    if !opaque && (!path && (!host && !registry))
      raise InvalidURIError,
        "bad URI(absolute but no path): #{uri}"
    end

  when @regexp[:REL_URI]
    scheme = nil
    opaque = nil

    userinfo, host, port, registry,
      rel_segment, abs_path, query, fragment = $~[1..-1]
    if rel_segment && abs_path
      path = rel_segment + abs_path
    elsif rel_segment
      path = rel_segment
    elsif abs_path
      path = abs_path
    end

    # URI-reference = [ absoluteURI | relativeURI ] [ "#" fragment ]

    # relativeURI   = ( net_path | abs_path | rel_path ) [ "?" query ]

    # net_path      = "//" authority [ abs_path ]
    # abs_path      = "/"  path_segments
    # rel_path      = rel_segment [ abs_path ]

    # authority     = server | reg_name
    # server        = [ [ userinfo "@" ] hostport ]

  else
    raise InvalidURIError, "bad URI(is not URI?): #{uri}"
  end

  path = '' if !path && !opaque # (see RFC2396 Section 5.2)
  ret = [
    scheme,
    userinfo, host, port,         # X
    registry,                     # X
    path,                         # Y
    opaque,                       # Y
    query,
    fragment
  ]
  return ret
end
unescape( str ) 按一下以切換來源
unescape( str, escaped )

參數

str

String 用於移除跳脫字元

escaped

Regexp 用於套用。預設為 self.regexp[:ESCAPED]

說明

str 中移除跳脫字元。

# File lib/uri/rfc2396_parser.rb, line 318
def unescape(str, escaped = @regexp[:ESCAPED])
  enc = str.encoding
  enc = Encoding::UTF_8 if enc == Encoding::US_ASCII
  str.gsub(escaped) { [$&[1, 2]].pack('H2').force_encoding(enc) }
end

私人實例方法

convert_to_uri(uri) 按一下以切換來源
# File lib/uri/rfc2396_parser.rb, line 527
def convert_to_uri(uri)
  if uri.is_a?(URI::Generic)
    uri
  elsif uri = String.try_convert(uri)
    parse(uri)
  else
    raise ArgumentError,
      "bad argument (expected URI object or URI string)"
  end
end
initialize_pattern(opts = {}) 按一下以切換來源

建構預設的模式 Hash

# File lib/uri/rfc2396_parser.rb, line 338
def initialize_pattern(opts = {})
  ret = {}
  ret[:ESCAPED] = escaped = (opts.delete(:ESCAPED) || PATTERN::ESCAPED)
  ret[:UNRESERVED] = unreserved = opts.delete(:UNRESERVED) || PATTERN::UNRESERVED
  ret[:RESERVED] = reserved = opts.delete(:RESERVED) || PATTERN::RESERVED
  ret[:DOMLABEL] = opts.delete(:DOMLABEL) || PATTERN::DOMLABEL
  ret[:TOPLABEL] = opts.delete(:TOPLABEL) || PATTERN::TOPLABEL
  ret[:HOSTNAME] = hostname = opts.delete(:HOSTNAME)

  # RFC 2396 (URI Generic Syntax)
  # RFC 2732 (IPv6 Literal Addresses in URL's)
  # RFC 2373 (IPv6 Addressing Architecture)

  # uric          = reserved | unreserved | escaped
  ret[:URIC] = uric = "(?:[#{unreserved}#{reserved}]|#{escaped})"
  # uric_no_slash = unreserved | escaped | ";" | "?" | ":" | "@" |
  #                 "&" | "=" | "+" | "$" | ","
  ret[:URIC_NO_SLASH] = uric_no_slash = "(?:[#{unreserved};?:@&=+$,]|#{escaped})"
  # query         = *uric
  ret[:QUERY] = query = "#{uric}*"
  # fragment      = *uric
  ret[:FRAGMENT] = fragment = "#{uric}*"

  # hostname      = *( domainlabel "." ) toplabel [ "." ]
  # reg-name      = *( unreserved / pct-encoded / sub-delims ) # RFC3986
  unless hostname
    ret[:HOSTNAME] = hostname = "(?:[a-zA-Z0-9\\-.]|%\\h\\h)+"
  end

  # RFC 2373, APPENDIX B:
  # IPv6address = hexpart [ ":" IPv4address ]
  # IPv4address   = 1*3DIGIT "." 1*3DIGIT "." 1*3DIGIT "." 1*3DIGIT
  # hexpart = hexseq | hexseq "::" [ hexseq ] | "::" [ hexseq ]
  # hexseq  = hex4 *( ":" hex4)
  # hex4    = 1*4HEXDIG
  #
  # XXX: This definition has a flaw. "::" + IPv4address must be
  # allowed too.  Here is a replacement.
  #
  # IPv4address = 1*3DIGIT "." 1*3DIGIT "." 1*3DIGIT "." 1*3DIGIT
  ret[:IPV4ADDR] = ipv4addr = "\\d{1,3}\\.\\d{1,3}\\.\\d{1,3}\\.\\d{1,3}"
  # hex4     = 1*4HEXDIG
  hex4 = "[#{PATTERN::HEX}]{1,4}"
  # lastpart = hex4 | IPv4address
  lastpart = "(?:#{hex4}|#{ipv4addr})"
  # hexseq1  = *( hex4 ":" ) hex4
  hexseq1 = "(?:#{hex4}:)*#{hex4}"
  # hexseq2  = *( hex4 ":" ) lastpart
  hexseq2 = "(?:#{hex4}:)*#{lastpart}"
  # IPv6address = hexseq2 | [ hexseq1 ] "::" [ hexseq2 ]
  ret[:IPV6ADDR] = ipv6addr = "(?:#{hexseq2}|(?:#{hexseq1})?::(?:#{hexseq2})?)"

  # IPv6prefix  = ( hexseq1 | [ hexseq1 ] "::" [ hexseq1 ] ) "/" 1*2DIGIT
  # unused

  # ipv6reference = "[" IPv6address "]" (RFC 2732)
  ret[:IPV6REF] = ipv6ref = "\\[#{ipv6addr}\\]"

  # host          = hostname | IPv4address
  # host          = hostname | IPv4address | IPv6reference (RFC 2732)
  ret[:HOST] = host = "(?:#{hostname}|#{ipv4addr}|#{ipv6ref})"
  # port          = *digit
  ret[:PORT] = port = '\d*'
  # hostport      = host [ ":" port ]
  ret[:HOSTPORT] = hostport = "#{host}(?::#{port})?"

  # userinfo      = *( unreserved | escaped |
  #                    ";" | ":" | "&" | "=" | "+" | "$" | "," )
  ret[:USERINFO] = userinfo = "(?:[#{unreserved};:&=+$,]|#{escaped})*"

  # pchar         = unreserved | escaped |
  #                 ":" | "@" | "&" | "=" | "+" | "$" | ","
  pchar = "(?:[#{unreserved}:@&=+$,]|#{escaped})"
  # param         = *pchar
  param = "#{pchar}*"
  # segment       = *pchar *( ";" param )
  segment = "#{pchar}*(?:;#{param})*"
  # path_segments = segment *( "/" segment )
  ret[:PATH_SEGMENTS] = path_segments = "#{segment}(?:/#{segment})*"

  # server        = [ [ userinfo "@" ] hostport ]
  server = "(?:#{userinfo}@)?#{hostport}"
  # reg_name      = 1*( unreserved | escaped | "$" | "," |
  #                     ";" | ":" | "@" | "&" | "=" | "+" )
  ret[:REG_NAME] = reg_name = "(?:[#{unreserved}$,;:@&=+]|#{escaped})+"
  # authority     = server | reg_name
  authority = "(?:#{server}|#{reg_name})"

  # rel_segment   = 1*( unreserved | escaped |
  #                     ";" | "@" | "&" | "=" | "+" | "$" | "," )
  ret[:REL_SEGMENT] = rel_segment = "(?:[#{unreserved};@&=+$,]|#{escaped})+"

  # scheme        = alpha *( alpha | digit | "+" | "-" | "." )
  ret[:SCHEME] = scheme = "[#{PATTERN::ALPHA}][\\-+.#{PATTERN::ALPHA}\\d]*"

  # abs_path      = "/"  path_segments
  ret[:ABS_PATH] = abs_path = "/#{path_segments}"
  # rel_path      = rel_segment [ abs_path ]
  ret[:REL_PATH] = rel_path = "#{rel_segment}(?:#{abs_path})?"
  # net_path      = "//" authority [ abs_path ]
  ret[:NET_PATH] = net_path = "//#{authority}(?:#{abs_path})?"

  # hier_part     = ( net_path | abs_path ) [ "?" query ]
  ret[:HIER_PART] = hier_part = "(?:#{net_path}|#{abs_path})(?:\\?(?:#{query}))?"
  # opaque_part   = uric_no_slash *uric
  ret[:OPAQUE_PART] = opaque_part = "#{uric_no_slash}#{uric}*"

  # absoluteURI   = scheme ":" ( hier_part | opaque_part )
  ret[:ABS_URI] = abs_uri = "#{scheme}:(?:#{hier_part}|#{opaque_part})"
  # relativeURI   = ( net_path | abs_path | rel_path ) [ "?" query ]
  ret[:REL_URI] = rel_uri = "(?:#{net_path}|#{abs_path}|#{rel_path})(?:\\?#{query})?"

  # URI-reference = [ absoluteURI | relativeURI ] [ "#" fragment ]
  ret[:URI_REF] = "(?:#{abs_uri}|#{rel_uri})?(?:##{fragment})?"

  ret[:X_ABS_URI] = "
    (#{scheme}):                           (?# 1: scheme)
    (?:
       (#{opaque_part})                    (?# 2: opaque)
    |
       (?:(?:
         //(?:
             (?:(?:(#{userinfo})@)?        (?# 3: userinfo)
               (?:(#{host})(?::(\\d*))?))? (?# 4: host, 5: port)
           |
             (#{reg_name})                 (?# 6: registry)
           )
         |
         (?!//))                           (?# XXX: '//' is the mark for hostport)
         (#{abs_path})?                    (?# 7: path)
       )(?:\\?(#{query}))?                 (?# 8: query)
    )
    (?:\\#(#{fragment}))?                  (?# 9: fragment)
  "

  ret[:X_REL_URI] = "
    (?:
      (?:
        //
        (?:
          (?:(#{userinfo})@)?       (?# 1: userinfo)
            (#{host})?(?::(\\d*))?  (?# 2: host, 3: port)
        |
          (#{reg_name})             (?# 4: registry)
        )
      )
    |
      (#{rel_segment})              (?# 5: rel_segment)
    )?
    (#{abs_path})?                  (?# 6: abs_path)
    (?:\\?(#{query}))?              (?# 7: query)
    (?:\\#(#{fragment}))?           (?# 8: fragment)
  "

  ret
end
initialize_regexp(pattern) 按一下以切換來源

建構預設的 Regexp Hash

# File lib/uri/rfc2396_parser.rb, line 496
def initialize_regexp(pattern)
  ret = {}

  # for URI::split
  ret[:ABS_URI] = Regexp.new('\A\s*+' + pattern[:X_ABS_URI] + '\s*\z', Regexp::EXTENDED)
  ret[:REL_URI] = Regexp.new('\A\s*+' + pattern[:X_REL_URI] + '\s*\z', Regexp::EXTENDED)

  # for URI::extract
  ret[:URI_REF]     = Regexp.new(pattern[:URI_REF])
  ret[:ABS_URI_REF] = Regexp.new(pattern[:X_ABS_URI], Regexp::EXTENDED)
  ret[:REL_URI_REF] = Regexp.new(pattern[:X_REL_URI], Regexp::EXTENDED)

  # for URI::escape/unescape
  ret[:ESCAPED] = Regexp.new(pattern[:ESCAPED])
  ret[:UNSAFE]  = Regexp.new("[^#{pattern[:UNRESERVED]}#{pattern[:RESERVED]}]")

  # for Generic#initialize
  ret[:SCHEME]   = Regexp.new("\\A#{pattern[:SCHEME]}\\z")
  ret[:USERINFO] = Regexp.new("\\A#{pattern[:USERINFO]}\\z")
  ret[:HOST]     = Regexp.new("\\A#{pattern[:HOST]}\\z")
  ret[:PORT]     = Regexp.new("\\A#{pattern[:PORT]}\\z")
  ret[:OPAQUE]   = Regexp.new("\\A#{pattern[:OPAQUE_PART]}\\z")
  ret[:REGISTRY] = Regexp.new("\\A#{pattern[:REG_NAME]}\\z")
  ret[:ABS_PATH] = Regexp.new("\\A#{pattern[:ABS_PATH]}\\z")
  ret[:REL_PATH] = Regexp.new("\\A#{pattern[:REL_PATH]}\\z")
  ret[:QUERY]    = Regexp.new("\\A#{pattern[:QUERY]}\\z")
  ret[:FRAGMENT] = Regexp.new("\\A#{pattern[:FRAGMENT]}\\z")

  ret
end